- LOS ANGELES
FilmLA, partner film office for the City and County of Los Angeles and other local jurisdictions, has issued a pair of reports illuminating the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Los Angeles film economy.
FilmLA’s year-end report for 2020 sheds light on the industry’s challenges to resume production last fall, while the 2020 Television Production Report dives deeper into the L.A. film industry’s most competitive segment--scripted television.
Powering forward since October, production activity picked up considerably in the fourth quarter of 2020 to reach 7,348 shoot days (SD). Nonetheless, compared with the same period in the prior year (with 9,839 SD), overall Q4 production slipped 25.3 percent.
The Q4 increase over prior periods in 2020 was largely tied to the return of television production, with an influx of episodic television series and reality TV shows that resumed filming in the fall. The 3,996 total shoot days for television in Q4 even surpassed 2019 levels (at 3,716 SD) by 6.2 percent. Overall, television accounted for 54.4 percent of total Q4 shoot days, compared to just 38.2 percent in 2019.
Reality TV was the biggest television driver in Q4, as networks and streaming platforms scrambled to get more content to viewers. Year-over-year for the quarter, the number of shoot days for reality TV grew from 1,006 in 2019 to 1,946 in 2020 – a surprise increase of 93.4 percent. Even with the pandemic-induced filming moratorium from mid-March to mid-June, annual totals for reality TV in 2020 (3,906 SD) exceeded 2019 levels (3,484 SD).
Scripted TV categories, harder hit throughout the year, continued to struggle last fall. TV dramas achieved 1,228 SD in Q4, finishing the year at 2,412 SD, for a 45.8 percent loss against 2019 (with 4,453 SD). TV comedies, with only 200 shoot days in Q4, absorbed a 75.9 percent loss year-over-year (479 SD in 2020 vs. 2,331 SD in 2019).
As the COVID-19 pandemic struck in the middle of the 2020 pilot season, it is no surprise that annual TV pilot activity (149 SD in 2020) declined by 61.2 percent. As chronicled in FilmLA’s Television Production Report, an estimated 198 television projects were forced to shut down between mid-March and the end of May 2020, including 57 TV pilots. What was to be a solid year for scripted TV was quickly reversed, as production schedules were delayed until the fall of 2020 and/or pushed back into 2021.
Meanwhile, feature film work, reaching 621 SD in Q4, finished last year down 55.8 percent to 1,641 SD. Seasonal patterns aside, recovery for the category could be close at hand; Q4 levels for features resemble pre-pandemic levels seen in Q1 of 2020.
Finally, commercials filmed in Q4 generated 1,108 SD, a loss of -14.3 percent over against the same period in 2019. On an annual basis, commercials generated 3,162 SD compared to 5,290 in 2019, for decline of 40.2 percent.
“In summary, the impact of COVID-19 on local film production and jobs cannot be overstated,” noted Paul Audley, president of FilmLA. “With production paused for 87 days and the industry responsible and cautious in returning to work, total annual production fell to unprecedented lows.”
By the end of the year, on-location filming in Los Angeles mustered just 18,993 shoot days in 2020. This is a decline of 48 percent from 2019 (with 36,540 SD); it is also the lowest production yield FilmLA has reported over 25 years of service to the region.